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spring security oauth2 password授權模式

                                    

前面的一篇文章講了spring security oauth2的client credentials授權模式,一般用於跟使用者無關的,開放平臺api認證相關的授權場景。本文主要講一下跟使用者相關的授權模式之一password模式。

回顧四種模式

OAuth 2.0定義了四種授權方式。

授權碼模式(authorization code)
簡化模式(implicit)
密碼模式(resource owner password credentials)
客戶端模式(client credentials)(主要用於api認證,跟使用者無關

配置

security config

支援password模式要配置AuthenticationManager

@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

//需要正常執行的話,需要取消這段註釋,原因見下面小節
//    @Override
//    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
//        http.csrf().disable();
//        http.requestMatchers().antMatchers("/oauth/**")
//                .and()
//                .authorizeRequests()
//                .antMatchers("/oauth/**").authenticated();
//    }

    //配置記憶體模式的使用者
    @Bean
    @Override
    protected UserDetailsService userDetailsService(){
        InMemoryUserDetailsManager manager = new InMemoryUserDetailsManager();
        manager.createUser(User.withUsername("demoUser1").password("123456").authorities("USER").build());
        manager.createUser(User.withUsername("demoUser2").password("123456").authorities("USER").build());
        return manager;
    }

    /**
     * 需要配置這個支援password模式
     * support password grant type
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    @Bean
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }
}

這個是比client credentials模式新增的配置,主要配置使用者以及authenticationManager

auth server配置

@Configuration
@EnableAuthorizationServer //提供/oauth/authorize,/oauth/token,/oauth/check_token,/oauth/confirm_access,/oauth/error
public class OAuth2ServerConfig extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer oauthServer) throws Exception {
        oauthServer
                .tokenKeyAccess("permitAll()") //url:/oauth/token_key,exposes public key for token verification if using JWT tokens
                .checkTokenAccess("isAuthenticated()") //url:/oauth/check_token allow check token
                .allowFormAuthenticationForClients();
    }
    
    /**
     * 注入authenticationManager
     * 來支援 password grant type
     */
    @Autowired
    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {
        endpoints.authenticationManager(authenticationManager);
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
        clients.inMemory()
                .withClient("demoApp")
                .secret("demoAppSecret")
                .authorizedGrantTypes("client_credentials", "password", "refresh_token")
                .scopes("all")
                .resourceIds("oauth2-resource")
                .accessTokenValiditySeconds(1200)
                .refreshTokenValiditySeconds(50000);
}

這裡記得注入authenticationManager來支援password模式

否則報錯如下

➜  ~ curl -i -X POST -d "username=demoUser1&password=123456&grant_type=password&client_id=demoApp&client_secret=demoAppSecret" http://localhost:8080/oauth/token
HTTP/1.1 400
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
X-Application-Context: application
Cache-Control: no-store
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Sun, 03 Dec 2017 07:01:27 GMT
Connection: close

{"error":"unsupported_grant_type","error_description":"Unsupported grant type: password"}

resource server 配置

@Configuration
@EnableResourceServer
public class ResourceServerConfig extends ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter {

//    /**
//      * 要正常執行,需要反註釋掉這段,具體原因見下面分析
//     * 這裡設定需要token驗證的url
//     * 這些需要在WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter中排查掉
//     * 否則優先進入WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter,進行的是basic auth或表單認證,而不是token認證
//     * @param http
//     * @throws Exception
//     */
//    @Override
//    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
//        http.requestMatchers().antMatchers("/api/**")
//                .and()
//                .authorizeRequests()
//                .antMatchers("/api/**").authenticated();
//    }


}

驗證

請求token

curl -i -X POST -d "username=demoUser1&password=123456&grant_type=password&client_id=demoApp&client_secret=demoAppSecret" http://localhost:8080/oauth/token

返回

HTTP/1.1 200
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
X-Application-Context: application
Cache-Control: no-store
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Sun, 03 Dec 2017 04:53:40 GMT

{"access_token":"4cfb16f9-116c-43cf-a8d4-270e824ce5d7","token_type":"bearer","refresh_token":"8e9bfbda-77e5-4d97-b061-4e319de7eb4a","expires_in":1199,"scope":"all"}

攜帶token訪問資源

curl -i http://localhost:8080/api/blog/1\?access_token\=4cfb16f9-116c-43cf-a8d4-270e824ce5d7

或者

curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Authorization: Bearer 4cfb16f9-116c-43cf-a8d4-270e824ce5d7" -X GET http://localhost:8080/api/blog/1

返回

HTTP/1.1 302
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
Set-Cookie: JSESSIONID=F168A54F0F3C3D96A053DB0CFE129FBF; Path=/; HttpOnly
Location: http://localhost:8080/login
Content-Length: 0
Date: Sun, 03 Dec 2017 05:20:19 GMT

出錯原因見下一小結

成功返回

HTTP/1.1 200
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
X-Application-Context: application
Content-Type: text/plain;charset=UTF-8
Content-Length: 14
Date: Sun, 03 Dec 2017 06:39:24 GMT

this is blog 1

錯誤返回

HTTP/1.1 401
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
Cache-Control: no-store
Pragma: no-cache
WWW-Authenticate: Bearer realm="oauth2-resource", error="invalid_token", error_description="Invalid access token: 466ee845-2d08-461b-8f62-8204c47f652"
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Sun, 03 Dec 2017 06:39:28 GMT

{"error":"invalid_token","error_description":"Invalid access token: 466ee845-2d08-461b-8f62-8204c47f652"}

WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter與ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter

二者都有針對http security的配置,他們的預設配置如下

WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter

spring-security-config-4.2.3.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/config/annotation/web/configuration/WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter.java

@Order(100)
public abstract class WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter implements
		WebSecurityConfigurer<WebSecurity> {
		//......
protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
		logger.debug("Using default configure(HttpSecurity). If subclassed this will potentially override subclass configure(HttpSecurity).");

		http
			.authorizeRequests()
				.anyRequest().authenticated()
				.and()
			.formLogin().and()
			.httpBasic();
	}

	//......
}	

可以看到WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter的order是100

ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter

spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/config/annotation/web/configuration/ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter.java

public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
		http.authorizeRequests().anyRequest().authenticated();
	}

它的order是SecurityProperties.ACCESS_OVERRIDE_ORDER – 1
spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.5.5.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/security/oauth2/resource/ResourceServerProperties.java

/**
	 * The order of the filter chain used to authenticate tokens. Default puts it after
	 * the actuator endpoints and before the default HTTP basic filter chain (catchall).
	 */
	private int filterOrder = SecurityProperties.ACCESS_OVERRIDE_ORDER - 1;

由此可見WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter的攔截要優先於ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter

二者關係

WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter用於保護oauth相關的endpoints,同時主要作用於使用者的登入(form login

在ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter配置需要token驗證的資源

@Override
    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.requestMatchers().antMatchers("/api/**")
                .and()
                .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/api/**").authenticated();
    }

這樣就大功告成

doc

理解OAuth 2.0(good)
Secure Spring REST API using OAuth2(good)
Handling error: UnsupportedGrantTypeException, Unsupported grant type: password #3
Spring Oauth2 : Authentication Object was not found in the SecurityContext
Spring Security OAuth2, which decides security?
Using WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter with Spring OAuth2 and user-info-uri
How to define order of spring security filter chain #1024
Relation between WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter and ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter
Spring Security OAuth2, which decides security?


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